In Alaska, an e-bike is defined as a “motor-driven cycle.” A motor-driven cycle, e-bikes are not subject to the same rules of the road as traditional bicycles.
E-bike riders must carry an operator’s license. E-bikes are not subject to registration or insurance requirements.
Helmets are not required. There is a 14 year age minimum for e-bike use. E-bikes are not allowed on sidewalks and bike paths
On federal, state, county and local trails, e-mountain bike (eMTB) access varies significantly.
Generally, any natural surface trail that is designated as open to both motorized and non-motorized uses is also open to eMTBs.
eMTBs may not be allowed on trails managed for non-motorized activities.
Do not ride your eMTB in areas where the local rules are unclear. Ride legally and only on authorized trails to show that mountain bikers are responsible trail users.
When in doubt, ask your local land manager about access to specific trails. Local land rules change frequently.
ALASKA’S E-BIKE LAW FOR TRAILS
LOCAL: Consult your local land management agency.
STATE: In Alaska State Parks, bicycles of all kinds are considered vehicles in park regulations. In some parks, bicycles are called out specifically if, where, and when they are allowed on trails, and eMTBs would be as well. Contact the agency or local park rangers for more information.
FEDERAL: As of August 29th 2019 all eBikes up to 750 watt can now access Federal Lands and natural parks anywhere a regular bicycle can access. The one exception is National Forests, the forests are managed by the Department of Agriculture and these changes are not implemented yet on the forests. Changes are happening to align all Federal land to the recent Order. The National Park Service, Fish and Wildlife Service, Forest Service, and Bureau of Land Management manage 60% of Alaska’s land, with most recreation on Forest Service lands. Contact the U.S. Forest Service Alaska Regional Office for more information.