E-bikes are defined as “mopeds” under West Virginia law. As “mopeds,” e-bikes are not subject to all of the same rules of the road that apply to bicycles.
As a “moped,” an e-bike is a form of motor vehicle and is subject to motor vehicle laws including licensing, registration, and insurance.
E-bike riders must wear helmets.
E-bike riders must be at least 15 years of age.
E-bikes are not allowed on sidewalks.
Consult your local authority or agency for information regarding whether e-bikes are permitted on bicycle paths in your area.
On federal, state, county and local trails, e-mountain bike (eMTB) access varies significantly.
Generally, any natural surface trail that is designated as open to both motorized and non-motorized uses is also open to eMTBs.
eMTBs may not be allowed on trails managed for non-motorized activities.
Do not ride your eMTB in areas where the local rules are unclear. Ride legally and only on authorized trails to show that mountain bikers are responsible trail users.
When in doubt, ask your local land manager about access to specific trails. Local land rules change frequently.
WEST VIRGINIA’S E-BIKE LAW FOR TRAILS
LOCAL: Consult your local land management agency.
STATE: The West Virginia State Parks and Forest does not currently have an eMTB policy. Contact the department for the most up to date information.
FEDERAL: The majority of public lands managed for recreation in West Virginia are under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Forest Service, where as of August 29th 2019 all eBikes up to 750 watt can now access Federal Lands and natural parks anywhere a regular bicycle can access. The one exception is National Forests, the forests are managed by the Department of Agriculture and these changes are not implemented yet on the forests. Changes are happening to align all Federal land to the recent Order. Contact the U.S. Forest Service Eastern Regional Office for more information.