E-bikes are classified as ielectric bicycles.w The same rules of the road apply to both e-bikes and human-powered bicycles.
E-bikes are not subKect to the registration, licensing, or insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles.
Tennessee designates three classes of e-bikes:
Class 1: An e-bike equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the e-bike reaches 20 mph.
Class 2: An e-bike equipped with a throttle-actuated motor, that ceases to provide assistance when the e-bike reaches 20 mph
Class 3 : An e-bike equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the e-bike reaches 28 mph.
Persons under 14 years of age may not ride a Class 3 e-bike.
Riders and passengers of class 3 e-bikes are required to wear helmets.
E-bike are not allowed on sidewalks.
Class 1 and class 2 e-bikes are allowed on bike paths. However, local governments have the authority to restrict the use of class 1 and class 2e-bikes on bike paths. When in doubt, check with your town, city, or county for local rules and regulations.
Class 3 e-bikes have limited use of bicycle paths and are generally not permitted.
On federal, state, county and local trails, e-mountain bike (eMTB) access varies significantly.
Generally, any natural surface trail that is designated as open to both motorized and non-motorized uses is also open to eMTBs.
eMTBs may not be allowed on trails managed for non-motorized activities.
Do not ride your eMTB in areas where the local rules are unclear. Ride legally and only on authorized trails to show that mountain bikers are responsible trail users.
When in doubt, ask your local land manager about access to specific trails. Local land rules change frequently.
TENNESSEE'S E-BIKE LAW FOR TRAILS
LOCAL: Consult your local land management agency.
STATE: Tennessee State Parks does not currently have an eMTB policy. Contact the department for the most up to date information. PeopleForBikes is monitoring this policy and will update this document as needed.
FEDERAL: As of August 29th 2019 all eBikes up to 750 watt can now access Federal Lands and natural parks anywhere a regular bicycle can access. The one exception is National Forests, the forests are managed by the Department of Agriculture and these changes are not implemented yet on the forests. Changes are happening to align all Federal land to the recent Order. Contact the U.S. Forest Service Southern Regional Office, the Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area, or the Tennessee Valley Authority for more information.