E-bikes are defined as “pedalcycles with electric assist,” so long as the e-bike’s motor is under 750w, has a maximum speed of 20mph on a level surface when powered by the motor source only, weighs no more than 100 lbs and has operable pedals. The same rules of the road apply to both e-bikes and human-powered bicycles.
E-bikes are not subject to the registration, licensing or insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles
Helmets are not required. No person under 16 years of age may operate an e-bike
E-bikes are allowed wherever bicycles or “pedalcycles” are allowed.
E-bikes are allowed on sidewalks but restrictions may apply. When in doubt, check for local rules and regulations.
On federal, state, county and local trails, e-mountain bike (eMTB) access varies significantly.
Generally, any natural surface trail that is designated as open to both motorized and non-motorized uses is also open to eMTBs.
eMTBs may not be allowed on trails managed for non-motorized activities.
Do not ride your eMTB in areas where the local rules are unclear. Ride legally and only on authorized trails to show that mountain bikers are responsible trail users.
When in doubt, ask your local land manager about access to specific trails. Local land rules change frequently.
PENNSYLVANIA’S E-BIKE LAW FOR TRAILS
LOCAL: Consult your local land management agency.
STATE: According to the Pennsylvania Bureau of State Parks, e-bikes are permitted in Pennsylvania state parks and state forests where bicycles are permitted. Contact the department for the most up to date information.
FEDERAL: As of August 29th 2019 all eBikes up to 750 watt can now access Federal Lands and natural parks anywhere a regular bicycle can access. The one exception is National Forests, the forests are managed by the Department of Agriculture and these changes are not implemented yet on the forests. Changes are happening to align all Federal land to the recent Order. Contact the U.S. Forest Service Eastern Regional Office for more information