E-bikes are classified as “electric assisted bicycles,” and are regulated like bicycles, so long as the bicycle’s motor has a maximum power output of 1,000w, has pedals that propel the bike with human power and the bike doesn’t exceed 20mph.
E-bikes are not subject to the registration, licensing or insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles.
E-bikes are allowed on bike paths but are not allowed on sidewalks.
The age minimum for e-bike riders is 16 years.
E-bike riders are not required to wear a helmet.
On federal, state, county and local trails, e-mountain bike (eMTB) access varies significantly.
Generally, any natural surface trail that is designated as open to both motorized and non-motorized uses is also open to eMTBs.
eMTBs may not be allowed on trails managed for non-motorized activities.
Do not ride your eMTB in areas where the local rules are unclear. Ride legally and only on authorized trails to show that mountain bikers are responsible trail users.
When in doubt, ask your local land manager about access to specific trails. Local land rules change frequently.
OREGON’S E-BIKE LAW FOR TRAILS
LOCAL: Consult your local land management agency.
STATE: Oregon Parks and Recreation Department does not currently have an eMTB policy, but will revise their policy in the near future. Contact the department for the most up to date information.
FEDERAL: As of August 29th 2019 all eBikes up to 750 watt can now access Federal Lands and natural parks anywhere a regular bicycle can access. The one exception is National Forests, the forests are managed by the Department of Agriculture and these changes are not implemented yet on the forests. Changes are happening to align all Federal land to the recent Order. Contact the US Forest Service Pacific Northwest Regional Office or the BLM Oregon State Office for more information.