E-bikes are regulated like bicycles. The same rules of the road apply to both e-bikes and human-powered bicycles.
E-bikes are not subject to the registration, licensing, or insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles.
Oklahoma designates three classes of e-bikes:
Class 1: : Bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the e-bike reaches 20 mph.
Class 2: Bicycle equipped with a throttle-actuated motor, and that ceases to provide assistance when the e-bike reaches 20 mph.
Class 3: Bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the e-bike reaches 28 mph.
Class 3 e-bikes are not allowed on a bicycle or multiuse path unless it is adjacent to a highway or roadway, or they are specifically allowed by the local authority or state agency with jurisdiction.
The local authority or state agency with jurisdiction can restrict the use of e-bikes. When in doubt, check with your city or county for local rules and regulations.
You must be 16 or older to operate a class 3 e-bike. A person under 16 may ride a Class 3 e-bike as a passenger.
On federal, state, county and local trails, e-mountain bike (eMTB) access varies significantly.
Generally, any natural surface trail that is designated as open to both motorized and non-motorized uses is also open to eMTBs.
eMTBs may not be allowed on trails managed for non-motorized activities.
Do not ride your eMTB in areas where the local rules are unclear. Ride legally and only on authorized trails to show that mountain bikers are responsible trail users.
When in doubt, ask your local land manager about access to specific trails. Local land rules change frequently.
ILLINOI'S E-BIKE LAW FOR TRAILS
LOCAL: Consult your local land management agency.
STATE: The Oklahoma Tourism and Recreation Department does not currently have an eMTB policy. Contact the department for the most up to date information.
FEDERAL: The majority of public lands managed for recreation in Oklahoma are under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Forest Service, where as of August 29th 2019 all eBikes up to 750 watt can now access Federal Lands and natural parks anywhere a regular bicycle can access. The one exception is National Forests, the forests are managed by the Department of Agriculture and these changes are not implemented yet on the forests. Changes are happening to align all Federal land to the recent Order. Contact the U.S. Forest Service Southern Regional Office for more information.