E-bikes are defined as “motorized bicycles.” As “motorized bicycles,” e-bikes are not subject to all of the same rules of the road that apply to bicycles.
As “motorized bicycles,” e-bikes are subject to some motor vehicle laws, including requirements for licensing, registration, and insurance.
The minimum user age for an e-bike is 14 years of age.
E-bikes are not allowed on sidewalks.
Consult your local authority or agency for information regarding whether e-bikes are allowed on bicycle paths.
On federal, state, county and local trails, e-mountain bike (eMTB) access varies significantly.
Generally, any natural surface trail that is designated as open to both motorized and non-motorized uses is also open to eMTBs.
eMTBs may not be allowed on trails managed for non-motorized activities.
Do not ride your eMTB in areas where the local rules are unclear. Ride legally and only on authorized trails to show that mountain bikers are responsible trail users.
When in doubt, ask your local land manager about access to specific trails. Local land rules change frequently.
NORTH DAKOTA’S E-BIKE LAW FOR TRAILS
LOCAL: Consult your local land management agency.
STATE: According to North Dakota Parks and Recreation, e-bikes are considered motorized bicycles and are not allowed on non-motorized trails. Contact the department for the most up to date information.
FEDERAL: The majority of public lands managed for recreation in North Dakota are under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Forest Service, and as of August 29th 2019 all eBikes up to 750 watt can now access Federal Lands and natural parks anywhere a regular bicycle can access. The one exception is National Forests, the forests are managed by the Department of Agriculture and these changes are not implemented yet on the forests. Changes are happening to align all Federal land to the recent Order. Contact the U.S. Forest Service Northern Regional Office for more information.