E-bikes are defined as a “mopeds". As mopeds, e-bikes are not subject to all of the same rules of the road as bicycles.
As mopeds, e-bikes are subject to the licensing and insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles.
The minimum user age is 15 years of age.
E-bikes are not allowed on sidewalk.
Consult your local government for information on the whether e-bikes may be ridden on bicycle paths.
On federal, state, county and local trails, e-mountain bike (eMTB) access varies significantly.
Generally, any natural surface trail that is designated as open to both motorized and non-motorized uses is also open to eMTBs.
eMTBs may not be allowed on trails managed for non-motorized activities.
Do not ride your eMTB in areas where the local rules are unclear. Ride legally and only on authorized trails to show that mountain bikers are responsible trail users.
When in doubt, ask your local land manager about access to specific trails. Local land rules change frequently.
NEW MEXICO’S E-BIKE LAW FOR TRAILS
LOCAL: Consult your local land management agency.
STATE: The New Mexico State Parks does not currently have an eMTB policy. Contact the department for the most up to date information.
FEDERAL: As of August 29th 2019 all eBikes up to 750 watt can now access Federal Lands and natural parks anywhere a regular bicycle can access. The one exception is National Forests, the forests are managed by the Department of Agriculture and these changes are not implemented yet on the forests. Changes are happening to align all Federal land to the recent Order. Contact the U.S. Forest Service Southwestern Regional Office or the BLM New Mexico State Office for more information