MONTANA’S E-BIKE LAW

MONTANA’S E-BIKE LAW FOR THE ROAD

  • In Montana, an e-bike is defined as an “electrically assisted bicycle,” so long as the e-bike has a maximum speed of 20mph. The same rules of the road apply to both e-bikes and human-powered bicycles.
  • E-bikes are not subject to the registration, licensing or insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles.
  • Helmets are not required and there is no age minimum for e-bike use. E-bikes are allowed on sidewalks and bike paths.

eMTB GUIDELINES

  • On federal, state, county and local trails, e-mountain bike (eMTB) access varies significantly.
  • Generally, any natural surface trail that is designated as open to both motorized and non-motorized uses is also open to eMTBs.
  • eMTBs may not be allowed on trails managed for non-motorized activities. 
  • Do not ride your eMTB in areas where the local rules are unclear. Ride legally and only on authorized trails to show that mountain bikers are responsible trail users.
  • When in doubt, ask your local land manager about access to specific trails. Local land rules change frequently.

MONTANA’S E-BIKE LAW FOR TRAILS

  • LOCAL: Consult your local land management agency.
  • STATE: Montana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks does not currently have an eMTB policy. Contact the department for the most up to date information. 
  • FEDERAL: As of August 29th 2019 all eBikes up to 750 watt can now access Federal Lands and natural parks anywhere a regular bicycle can access.  The one exception is National Forests, the forests are managed by the Department of Agriculture and these changes are not implemented yet on the forests.  Changes are happening to align all Federal land to the recent Order.   Contact the U.S. Forest Service Northern Regional Office or the BLM Montana/Dakotas State Office for more information.

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